The indications for the colon examination are any unfounded bleeding of unknown origin, or blood trace in the stool, unexplained anaemia, disrupted rhythm of discharge, sudden constipation, alternating diarrhoea and constipation, unexplained abdominal pain, gurgling, bloating, weight loss, or hereditary predisposition for developing intestinal cancer ...
For colonoscopy to be performed properly, clear images, and safe procedure, the entire colon must be completely free of solid matter before the procedure, and thoroughly cleaned. It is very important that, when preparing for the procedure, you follow the instructions that you received prior to the examination. Preparation is with a medicinal product Moviprep. Partially or in full you will prepare on it at home, so it is really important that you carefully read the instructions that you will receive.
If you are receiving anticoagulants (anticoagulant or antiplatelet therapy), which increase the risk of bleeding, consult your doctor about taking these medications prior to the examination. You should also consult the doctor about taking the medications for diabetes, or whether you need to take antibiotic before the exam.
In the morning, with a little water, take your usual medications, except from those which you had to stop taking because of the examination.
We recommend that you do not plan for any longer trips for 2-3 weeks after the examination.
A flexible tube, the colonoscope, is inserted through the rectum and travels all the way to the end of the colon and examines a short segment of the small intestine. During the examination, which may be occasionally painful, patient's discomfort can be eased by breaking winds from the large intestine - flatulence is encouraged in this situation. In abdominal surgery patients and gynaecological patients, the procedure is expected to be more demanding due to scar tissue. The examination takes about half an hour.
Biopsies of altered mucosa, electroresections of polyps, coagulation of vascular abnormalities.
After normal procedure: approximately 1 hour to rest, and clearing the air from your colon after the procedure. In so far as the colonoscopy proceeded without complications or major interventions, the patient may start ingesting lighter meals.
Major surgeries (electroresections of polyps ...) require a 24-hour hospitalization for safety reasons. During this time you may only drink fluids. For the next 7 days at home you may only ingest light, overcooked food (potatoes, pasta ...) and unlimited amounts of fluids. It is recommended to rest (avoid major sporting activities, or lifting loads that weigh more than 3 kg).
If the procedure is followed by abdominal pain, stiff abdomen, fever, a larger amount of blood in the stool (1/2 dl) when you are already at home, you should immediately notify your physician or emergency doctor.