Probably all women are familiar with gynaecological examination, except from maybe those who are coming to the exam for the first time. First, we examine the external genitalia and any changes to it. Then follows an inspection of the vagina and cervix with the mirrors. This also allows us to observe any abnormalities, especially a variety of inflammatory changes and changes in the cervix. With a wooden stick we take a smear sample - PAP-test, and if necessary, the cervix is also stained and examined under magnification - colposcopy. The mirror exam is followed by palpation of the uterus and ovaries with both hands, namely, with 2 fingers of the right hand in the vagina and the left hand played on patient's abdomen. Generally, gynaecological examination is painlessness. Any pain is usually a sign of pathological changes. Gynaecological examination can be complemented by a vaginal ultrasound examination.
The purpose of the gynaecological examination is to determine the potential precancerous changes.