Preventive medical check-ups are sets of recommended examinations carried out by specialist doctors. Their aim is to detect any possible disease in its initial stage. Since this phase is usually asymptomatic, we cannot detect the disease otherwise. Some diseases can develop over the course of ten years before the onset with the first obvious signs is apparent. When the symptoms appear, it is too late for prevention, and treatment is more complicated and less effective. Only through preventive health checks a disease may be detected early enough to prevent its development or cure it.
In implementing the preventive health programmes, the doctors focus primarily on the risk factors which can lead to cardiovascular disease and to some of the most common forms of cancer. The purpose of preventive health checks is precisely the detection of diseases which do not show obvious signs and can only be observed by diagnostic tests.